73. Chieftain Bridge across the Bypass Canal 9.22.2014
Chieftain (Atamansky) Bridge across the Bypass Canal 9.22.2014
Translated from opeterburge.ru
Chieftain Bridge crosses the eastern section of the Bypass Canal and is located in the alignment of Krechenchugskoy Street and Glukhoozerskoe highway.
The Chieftain Bridge's warlike name is linked to the Life Guards Ataman Regiment barracks that were stationed here in 1853, designed by architect I. D. Blueberries. In 1860, more buildings were added including a regimental temple, an equestrian arena, and facades that overlook the main road. In 1887 the area was known as Atamanskaya.
The first bridge was built in the mid-19th century, and was named the American bridge. It was built by American engineer William Hau, and had a superstructure that combined wooden belts and struts with metal vertical strands. Interestingly, Hau did not know the exact calculations, and therefore the cross section of the bridge were created empirically. Russian engineer DI Zhuravsky (known as the author of the spire of Peter and Paul Cathedral bell tower), managed to create an exact theory calculations of the system, which he expounded in his book "On bridges truss system Hau."
In 1932, the American bridge was remodeled, and in 1940 it was renamed Chieftain bridge, its present name. The American name did not completely disappear. It was reassigned to the railway bridge to the west, now the Nikolaevsky railway Bridge.
From 1972 to 1975 Chieftain bridge was rebuilt by project engineer AD Gutzeit and architect LA Noskov, turning it into a modern reinforced concrete crossing, necessary for transport links to the new buildings of the Nevsky district of St. Petersburg. The length of this new bridge was 39.5 meters, the width is almost 32 meters. A lower tier promenade is exists under the abutments of the bridge.