84. New Moscow Bridge across the Bypass Canal 9.22.2014
New Moscow (Novo-Moskovky) Bridge across the Bypass Canal (pictured with the Frunze store) 9.22.2014
The New Moscow Bridge (Novo-Moskovky, Ново–Московский мост) crosses the Bypass channel in the alignment of Moskovsky Prospect in St. Petersburg.
Between 1808 and 1816 a cast-iron arch bridge was built here with stone, lined with granite pillars by the project engineers W. Hastie and P. Bazin. It was similar in design to the bridges across the Moika River (Green Bridge, Red Bridge, and Bridge of Kisses). The superstructure was a single-span arched system built of cast iron hollow wedges, with bolts strapped to each other in two mutually perpendicular directions. To reduce the weight of hollow cast-iron boxes, wedges were made rectangular cutouts in the side walls and bottoms. The total width of the bridge was 16.6 m. Entrances to the bridge were installed granite obelisks with tops. In 1908, in connection with the commissioning of the tram traffic, the bridge was widened to 22.5 m on each side of the addition of the two beam metal trusses. In the years 1941-1947 the bridge was broadened by creating additional pile pillars on which laid a superstructure of the I-beam pair, covered with asphalt derevoplitoy pavement. In 1965-1967 a new concrete bridge was built. The bridge was designed by the Lengiproinzhproject institute by engineer PP Ryazantsev and architect LA Noskov. Simultaneous with the construction of the bridge was the first transport tunnel in St. Petersburg on the right bank Obvodny channel.
The bridge is a single-span construction made from reinforced concrete. It is 29.7 m long and 47 m wide. the bridge is designed as trehsharnirnoy frame. In cross-section it consists of I-section beams of variable height. On top of the beams are combined reinforced concrete slab roadway. The "Leg" frames made of reinforced concrete and faced the facade mounted granite facing. At the bottom of the frame is laid pile grillage. The railing on the bridge are cast iron and mounted to granite parapet abutments. Asphalt Covers the roadway and sidewalks, which are arranged at a higher level.
On the right bank Obvodny channel is a building department of the Frunze (1934-1938 gg., Architect EI Katonin et al.).